Obesity is an increasing public health problem reaching epidemic proportions in both developed and developing countries. According to the MONICA study, the most comprehensive study conducted on this issue that took 12 years; there were 400 million obese and more than 1.4 billion overweight people in the world in 2008 and these figures reached 700 million and more than 2.3 billion respectively in 2015.
In the United States, where obesity is most commonly seen, nearly one in every three adults becomes obese. Albania, Bosnia and the United Kingdom are the leading European countries in this regard. In these countries, the rate obesity has reached 36%.
According to the data from the World Health Organization, obesity is responsible for 80% of Type 2 diabetes, 35% of ischemic heart diseases and 55% of hypertension in European adults. Every year, more than 1 million adults lose their lives due conditions associated with obesity.
Childhood obesity is at an alarming level, as well. It has been reported that the rate of childhood obesity is 10 times higher than the values in 1970. Spain and Portugal are the countries having the highest childhood obesity rates that has reached 35%.
Again, World Health Organization has reported that 30-80% of adults and 20% of children and adolescents are overweight in Europe; and among them, one in every three is obese.